Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal


Zyrianova N.M. Early sibling investigations

Full text in Russian: Зырянова Н.М. Ранние сиблинговые исследования
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

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The article represents the review of early (till 1965) researches of a family environment’s influence on individuality of children. For over a century psychologists made attempts to analyze a birth order’s effect. They try to explain how a person’s behavior and personality characteristics are related with birth order. In the article theories of A.Adler, W.Toman, M.Bowen and a number of their empirical examinations are considered. Given analysis leads to conclusion, that early works have shown the importance of birth order’s factor studies, but could not explain a mechanism of its influence on personal characteristics, aspirations and behavior.  Many questions, concerning roles of birth order and family dynamics in personal development, remained opened. Birth order’s effect revealed to be more complex than most researchers believed in 1920-1965. The analysis of birth order is the subject for future researches.

Keywords: family constellation, birth order, siblings, ordinal position, spacing of siblings, sex of siblings, first-born, only child, birth order theory


The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Humanities, project 06-06-00227а.

Cyrillic letters are transliterated according to BSI standards. The titles are given in author’s translation [in square brackets].

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Available online 17 december 2008.

About author

Zyrianova Nadezda M. Ph.D., Department of Behavioral Genetics, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11/5, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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APA Style
Zyrianova, N. M. (2008). Early sibling investigations. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2(2). Retrieved from [in Russian, abstr. in English].

Russian State Standard GOST P 7.0.5-2008
Zyrianova N.M. Early sibling investigations [Electronic resource] // Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya. 2008. N 2(2). URL: (date of access: [in Russian, abstr. in English]

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