Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal


Belinskaya E.P. N.K.Mihkaylovsky’s “subjective method” as a precursor of new methodology in humanities

Full text in Russian: Белинская Е.П. «Субъективный метод» Н.К.Михайловского как предвестник новой методологии гуманитарного знания
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

About author
Suggested citation

By example of N.K. Mihkaylovsky’s approaches the main principles of new methodology in Russian social ideas at the turn of the XX century are emphasized. These principles realization in “a hero and a crowd” idea is considered. The “subjective method” of Russian school of ethics and sociology is described; its meaning for development of socio-psychological approaches to personality-society interaction problem is shown.

Keywords: Russian school of ethics and sociology, subjective method, “a hero and a crowd” idea, methodological principles of subjective rationality


The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Humanities (Russia) and CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France), project 09-06-95321а/fr.

Cyrillic letters are transliterated according to BSI standards. The titles are given in author’s translation [in square brackets].

Berdyaev N.A. Bunt i pokornost' v psikhologii mass [Revolt and humility in mass psychology] // Intelligentsiya – Vlast' – Narod: Russkie istochniki sovremennoi sotsial'noi filosofii: antologiya. M.: Nauka, 1992. S. 117–124. [in Russian]

Berdyaev N.A. N.K.Mikhailovskii i B.N.Chicherin (O lichnosti, ratsionalizme, demokratizme i proch) [N.К.Mikhaylovsky and B.N.Chicherin] // Tipy religioznoi mysli v Rossii. Paris: YMCA-Press, 1989. S. 179–196. [in Russian]

Berdyaev N.A. Sub»ektivizm i individualizm v obshchestvennoi filosofii: Kriticheskii etyud o N.K.Mikhailovskom [The subjectivity and the individualism in social philosophy: Critical etude on N.К.Mikhaylovsky]. M.: Kanon+, 1999. 480 s. [in Russian]

Le Bon G. Psikhologiya narodov i mass [Revolt and humility in mass psychology]. SPb.: Izd-vo F.Pavlenkova, 1898. 316 s. [in Russian]

Mikhailovsky N.K. Geroi i tolpa: Izbrannye trudy po sotsiologii [Heroes and crowd: collected works in sociology]: v 2 t. / otv. red. Kozlovsky V.V. SPb.: Aleteiya, 1998. T. 2. [in Russian]

Mikhailovsky N.K. Literatura i zhizn' [Literature and life] // Berdyaev N.A. Sub'ektivizm i individualizm v obshchestvennoi filosofii: Kriticheskii etyud o N.K.Mikhailovskom. M.: Kanon+, 1999. S. 305–354. [in Russian]

Tard G. Zakony podrazhaniya [Imitation of laws]. SPb., 1892. 372 s. [in Russian]

Tard G. Obshchestvennoe mnenie i tolpa [Public opinion and crowd]. M., 1902. 202 s. [in Russian]

Tard G. Lichnost' i tolpa. Ocherki po sotsial'noi psikhologii [Person and crowd. Sketches to social psychology]. SPb., 1903. 178 s. [in Russian]

Zenkovsky V.V. N.N.Strakhov, L.N.Tolstoi, N.K.Mikhailovsky // Zenkovsky V.V. Russkie mysliteli i Evropa: Kritika evropeiskoi kul'tury u russkikh myslitelei. M.: Respublika, 1997. S. 86–102. [in Russian]

Received 28 June 2009. Available online 28 December 2009.

About author

Belinskaya Elena P. Ph.D., Professor, Department of Social Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Mokhovaya, 11/5, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Suggested citation

APA Style
Belinskaya, E. P. (2009). N.K.Mihkaylovsky’s “subjective method” as a precursor of new methodology in humanities. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 6(8). Retrieved from [in Russian, abstr. in English].

Russian State Standard GOST P 7.0.5-2008
Belinskaya E.P. N.K.Mihkaylovsky’s “subjective method” as a precursor of new methodology in humanities [Electronic resource] // Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya. 2009. N 6(8). URL: (date of access: [in Russian, abstr. in English]

Back to top >>

Related Articles