Usenko A.B., Kuzmina K.A. Autonomic nervous system (autonomic) balance as a natural premise of mental self-regulation

Full text in Russian: Усенко А.Б., Кузьмина К.А. Вегетативный баланс как природная предпосылка процессов психической саморегуляции
Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia

About authors
Suggested citation

Relationships between components of autonomic nervous system reactivity, features of temperament and style peculiarities of conscious self-regulation of behavior in different age groups were investigated. Autonomic nervous system (autonomic) balance, temperament and conscious self-regulation of behavior are considered within system approach as different levels of an integrated (neurophysiological, psychophysiological and psychical) hierarchic self-regulation system which is developed in ontogeny and has different characteristics at each age. 513 subjects divided into three groups (223 adolescents, 148 people of young age and 142 people of middle age) were studied. Neurophysiological components of self-regulation system are shown to determine particularities of social contacts, regulatory processes of operational condition modeling and behavior programming regardless of age. As far as self-regulation system develops with age the amount of relationships between different (neurophysiological, psychophysiological and psychical) level components increases, the relations become more multivalued and their structure changes.

Keywords: vagotony, autonomic nervous system reactivity, autonomic nervous system balance, conscious self-regulation of behavior, mental self-regulation, sympathotony, temperament


Cyrillic letters are transliterated according to BSI standards.

Anan'ev B.G. Chelovek kak predmet poznaniya. SPb.: Piter, 2001. [in Russian]

Baevskii R.M., Berseneva A.P. Otsenka adaptatsionnykh vozmozhnostei organizma i risk razvitiya zabolevanii. M.: Meditsina, 1997. [in Russian]

Bazhenova O.V. Vagal tone reactivity: A psychophysiological parallel of the dynamics of affect. Paper presented at the Biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development. Indianapolis, IN, March 30, 1995.

Beauchaine Th.P., Gatzke-Kopp L., Mead H.K. Polyvagal theory and developmental psychopatology: Emotion dysregulation and conduct problems from preschool to adolescence // Biological psychology. 2007. Vol. 74(2). P. 174–184.

Berezin F.B. Psikhicheskaya i psikhofiziologicheskaya adaptatsiya cheloveka. Leningrad: Nauka, 1988. [in Russian]

Critchley H.D. Neural Mechanisms of Autonomic, Affective and Cognitive Integration // The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 2005. Vol. 493(1). P. 154–166.

DeGangi G.A., DiPietro J.A., Greenspan S.I., Porges S.W. Psychophysiological characteristics of the regulatory disordered infant // Infant Behavior and Development. 1991. N 14. P. 37–50.

Friedman B.H. An autonomic flexibility-neurovisceral integration model of anxiety and cardiac vagal tone // Biological psychology. 2007. Vol. 74(2). P. 185–99.

Konopkin O.A. Psikhologicheskie mekhanizmy regulyatsii deyatel'nosti. M.: Nauka, 1980. [in Russian]

Konopkin O.A. Psikhicheskaya samoregulyatsiya proizvol'noi aktivnosti cheloveka (strukturno-funktsional'nyi aspekt) // Voprosy psikhologii. 1995. N 1. S. 5–12. [in Russian]

Kuchma V.R., Sukhareva L.M., Pavlovich K.E. Podrostok. Fiziologo-gigienicheskie i psikhosotsial'nye osnovy obucheniya i vospitaniya. M.: MIOO, 2004. [in Russian]

Merlin V.S. Psikhologiya individual'nosti: Izbrannye psikhologicheskie trudy / pod red. E.A.Klimova. M.: Izd-vo Mosk. psikhol.-sots. in-ta; Voronezh: MODEK, 2009. [in Russian]

Morosanova V.I. Stilevye osobennosti samoregulirovaniya lichnosti // Voprosy psikhologii. 1991. N 1. S. 121–127. [in Russian]

Morosanova V.I. Lichnostnye aspekty samoregulyatsii proizvol'noi aktivnosti cheloveka // Psikhologicheskii zhurnal. 2002. Т. 23, N 6. S. 6–17. [in Russian]

Morosanova V.I., Smirnova T.Yu. Diagnostika individual'nykh osobennostei samoregulyatsii u podrostkov // Zhurnal prikladnoi psikhologii. 2003. N 3. S. 58–63. [in Russian]

Morosanova V.I. Oprosnik “Stil' samoregulyatsii povedeniya” (SSPM): rukovodstvo. M.: Kogito-Tsentr, 2004. [in Russian]

Movius H.L., Allen J.J. Cardiac Vagal Tone, defensiveness, and motivational style // Biol.Psychol. 2005. Vol. 68(2). P. 147–162.

Porges S.W. Physiological regulation in high-risk infants: A model for assessment and potential intervention // Development and Psychopathology. 1996. N 8. Р. 43–58.

Porges S.W. The polyvagal theory: phylogenetic contributions to social behavior // Physiology and Behavior. 2003. Vol. 79(3). P. 503–513.

Rusalov V.M. O prirode temperamenta i ego mesta v strukture individual'nykh svoistv cheloveka // Voprosy psikhologii. 1985. N 1. S. 19–32. [in Russian]

Rusalov V.M. Oprosnik struktury temperamenta. M.: Nauka, 1990. [in Russian]

Rusalov V.M. Prirodnye predposylki i individual'no-psikhofiziologicheskie osobennosti lichnosti // Psikhologiya lichnosti v trudakh otechestvennykh psikhologov. SPb.: Piter, 2000. [in Russian]

Steinberg L., Morris A.S. Adolescent development // Annu. Rev. Psychol. 2001. Vol. 52. P. 83–110.

Suvorova V.V. Testy opredeleniya individual'nykh osobennostei vegetativnogo reagirovaniya. M.: NII Obshchei i pedagogicheskoi psikhologii Akademii pedagogicheskikh nauk SSSR, 1976. [in Russian]

Vangrevich O.A., Donskaya O.G., Zubkov A.A., Shtark M.B. Igrovoe bioupravlenie i sress-zavisimye sostoyaniya // Byulleten' SO RAMN. 2004. T. 113, N 3. S. 53–60. [in Russian]

Vein A.M., Solov'eva A.D., Kolosova O.A. Vegetososudistaya distoniya. M.: Meditsina, 1981. [in Russian]

Yabluchanskii N.I., Martynenko A.V.
Variabel'nost' serdechnogo ritma. V pomoshch' prakticheskomu vrachu. Kharkov, 2010. [in Russian]

Received 21 March 2011. Date of publication: 24 June 2011.

About authors

Usenko Anna B. Ph.D. in Biology, Associate Professor, Department for Differential Psychology and Psychophysiology, L.S.Vygotsky Psychology Institute, Russian State University for the Humanities, pl. Miusskaya, 6, 125993 Moscow, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Kuzmina Kira A. Ph.D. Student, Department of Differential Psychology and Psychophysiology, L.S.Vygotsky Psychology Institute, Russian State University for the Humanities, pl. Miusskaya, 6, 125993 Moscow, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Suggested citation

Usenko A.B., Kuzmina K.A. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2011, No. 3(17), p. 7. 0421100116/0030. (in Russian, abstr. in English)

Back to top >>