Khvatov I.A. The problem of animal intelligence in the context of structural-integrative and differential-integrative approaches

Full text in Russian: Хватов И.А. Проблема интеллекта животных в контексте структурно-интегративного и дифференционно-интеграционного подходов
Moscow University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia
Financial Technological Academy, Moscow Oblast, Russia

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The article is devoted to the problem of animal intelligence in the context of current empirical evidence of the presence of intellectual abilities not only in warm-blooded vertebrates but also in animals of many other taxonomic groups. The following thesis is substantiated: intelligence considered as an integrator of the animal cognitive sphere (within the frames of structural-integrative and differential-integrative approaches) is an essential part of the organization of any level of mental development, from the very moment of genesis occurrence of the relevant form of reflection. In this case, certain structures of innate and acquired experience (instincts and skills) are included in intelligence as its individual elements. Moreover, arguments supporting that thinking as a way of integration of animal intelligence at early stages of the evolution of the psyche exists in a form of homogeneous unity with other mental processes (particularly with perception and sensation) are brought forward. It is concluded that in order to understand the specific nature of animal intelligence it is necessary to study not only animals’ special cognitive abilities but also the particularity of cognitive structures that underlie this abilities.

Keywords: animal intelligence, animal thinking, cognitive structures, evolution of the psyche, instinct, learning, animals

 

Funding
The study was performed under the grant of the President of the Russian Federation, project МК-2816.2012.6.


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Received 9 March 2013. Date of publication: 27 April 2013.

About author

Khvatov Ivan A. Ph.D., Senior Lecturer, Department of General Psychology and History of Psychology, Moscow University for the Humanities, ul. Yunosti, 5, 111395 Moscow, Russia; Department of Applied Psychology, Financial Technological Academy, ul. Gagarina, 41, 141070 Moscow Oblast, Korolev, Russia.
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Khvatov I.A. The problem of animal intelligence in the context of structural-integrative and differential-integrative approaches. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2013, Vol. 6, No. 28, p. 1. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

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