Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal


Pankratova A.A., Osin E.N., Lyusin D.V. Differences in emotional intelligence in Russian and Azerbaijani culture

Full text in Russian: Панкратова А.А., Осин Е.Н., Люсин Д.В. Особенности эмоционального интеллекта у представителей российской и азербайджанской культур
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia

About authors
Suggested citation

Psychometric equivalence (measurement invariance) of the Russian version of EmIn questionnaire (developed by D.Lyusin) was evaluated in two samples of respondents from Russia (n = 275) and Azerbaijan (n = 275). Exploratory factor analysis on pooled sample revealed a 4-factor structure with dimensions interpreted as understanding of one’s own emotions, management of one’s own emotions, understanding of others’ emotions, management of others’ emotions. Using confirmatory factor analysis, strong factorial invariance (equivalence of factor loadings and intercepts) was established which allows to compare means scores in two cultures. Russians demonstrate better understanding of one’s own emotions and management of one’s own emotions than Azerbaijanians. Russian males report better management of their own emotions, compared to Russian females (in all age groups). Azerbaijani females report better understanding of others’ emotions, compared to Azerbaijani males (except for the senior age group). The results are interpreted in the context of cross-cultural differences between Russian and Azerbaijani cultural values such as individualism and masculinity.

Keywords: emotional intelligence, EmIn questionnaire, psychometric equivalence, confirmatory factor analysis, culture, gender differences, age differences, Russia, Azerbaijan


The authors thank students of the faculty of psychology of the Lomonosov Moscow State University branch in Baku for their help in collecting data in Azerbaijan.

The study was performed under the Basic Research Program of the National Research University – Higher School of Economics (HSE) in 2013.

The titles are given in author’s translation.

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Received 5 July 2013. Date of publication: 30nbsp;October 2013.

About authors

Pankratova Alina A. Ph.D., Junior Research Associate, Department of Behavioral Genetics, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11, str. 9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Osin Evgeny N. Ph.D., Associate Professor, General and Experimental Psychology department, Psychology Faculty; Senior Research Fellow, Positive Psychology and Life Quality Lab, Higher School of Economics (National Research University), ul. Myasnitskaya, 20, 101000 Moscow, Russia.
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Lyusin Dmitry V. Ph.D., Senior Research Associate, Laboratory of Psychology and Physiology of Creativity, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences; Leading Research Associate, Laboratory for Cognitive Research, Higher School of Economics (National Research University), ul. Myasnitskaya, 20, 101000 Moscow, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Pankratova A.A., Osin E.N., Lyusin D.V. Differences in emotional intelligence in Russian and Azerbaijani culture. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2013, Vol. 6, No. 31, p. 11. (in Russian, abstr. in English).

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