Kruzhkova O.V. Individual determination of subjective importance of urban environment stress factors in the period of youth

Full text in Russian: Кружкова О.В. Индивидуальная детерминация субъективной значимости стресс-факторов городской среды в период юности
Ural State Pedagogical University, Yekaterinburg

About author
Suggested citation


The problem of perception and assessment of urban environment risks by young inhabitants of big Russian cities is investigated in the article. Stress due to interaction with urban environment is considered as a factor reducing the quality of life and, at the same time, as the catalyst of higher-than-normal activity of an individual. The problem of identification of urban environment stressors and their evaluation was resolved by questioning 1762 young inhabitants of 7 big Russian cities. As a result, eight groups of stress factors were identified: real risks and dangers to life and health, information and dynamic loads, social crowding, transport risks, problem of orientation, indifference, migration risks and visual environment homogeneity. A comprehensive analysis revealed main determinants of individual subjective importance of each group of stress factors, including individual demographic (gender, rootedness) and personality (nervous system characteristics and other personality features) stress factors. The study proved that not gender differences and experience of living in a city, but personal resources of a young man were of great importance for developing subjective assessment of stress factors.

Keywords: stress, urban environment, stress factors of urban environment, youth, subjective importance, individual determinants of assessment

 

Funding
The study was performed under the grant of the President of the Russian Federation for government support of young Russian scientists, project MK-2450.2011.6.


References

Baranov A.V. Social'no-demograficheskoe razvitie krupnogo goroda. Moscow: Finansy i statistika, 1981. (in Russian)

Chupina V.A., Vorob'eva I.V., Kruzhkova O.V., Pleshakova A.Ju. Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo oblastnogo universiteta, 2013, No. 2, 58–62. (in Russian)

Fetiskin N.P. Psihotehnologii sovladajushhego povedenija. Kostroma: Kostromskoj gos. universitet im. N.A.Nekrasova, 2007. (in Russian)

Filin V.A. Vidimaja sreda v gorodskih uslovijah kak jekologicheskij faktor. Moscow: Nauka, 1990. (in Russian)

Fleming I., Baum A., Weiss L. Social density and perceived control as mediators of crowding stress in high-density residential neighborhoods. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1987, 52(5), 899–906.

Gutnov A.Je., Glazychev V.L. Mir arhitektury: Lico goroda. Moscow: Molodaja gvardija, 1990.

Kjehill L. V mire nauki, 2005, 8, 21–27. (in Russian)

Kruzhkova O.V. 6-aja ros. konf. po jekologicheskoj psihologii. Proceedings of the Conference, Moscow, 25–26 October 2012 g. Moscow: Psihologicheskij institut RAO, 2012, 217–221. (in Russian)

Kulikov L.V. Rukovodstvo k metodikam diagnostiki psihicheskih sostojanij, nastroenij i sfery chuvstv. Opisanie metodik, instrukcii po primeneniju. St. Petersburg: S.-Peterb. gos. universitet, 2003. (in Russian)

Leont'ev D.A., Rasskazova E.I. Test zhiznestojkosti. Moscow: Smysl, 2006. (in Russian)

Lichtenstein S., Slovic P., Fichhoff B., Layman M., Combs B. Judged frequency of lethal events. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human learning and Memory, 1978, 4, 551–578.

Linch K. Obraz goroda. Moscow: Strojizdat, 1982. (in Russian)

Mihajlov L.A., Malikova T.V., Shatrova O.V., Mihajlov A.P., Solomin V.P. Psihologicheskaja zashhita v chrezvychajnyh situacijah. St. Petersburg: Piter, 2009. (in Russian)

Rjabova T.B. Zhenshhina v rossijskom obshhestve, 2001, No. 3–4, 3–12. (in Russian)

Rusalov V.M. Oprosnik formal'no-dinamicheskih svojstv individual'nosti: мetod. posobie. Moscow: IP RAN, 1997. (in Russian)

Sagerstrom S.C., Miller G.E. Psychological stress and the human immune system: A meta-analytic study of 30 years of inquiry. Psychological Bulletin, 2004, 130(4), 601–630.

Semenova T.V. Gorodskaja mental'nost': social'no-psihologicheskoe issledovanie: monografija. Samara: Samarskij gos. ped. universitet, 2008. (in Russian)

Shherbatyh Ju.V. Psihologija stressa i metody korrekcii. St. Petersurbg: Piter, 2007. (in Russian)

Shtejnbah H.Je., Elenskij V.I. Psihologija zhiznennogo prostranstva. St. Petersburg: Rech', 2004. (in Russian)

Smolova L.V. Psihologija vzaimodejstvija s okruzhajushhej sredoj (jekologicheskaja psihologija). St. Petersburg: S.-Peterb. gos. institut psihologii i soc. raboty, 2010. (in Russian)

Stapel D.A., Lindenberg S. Coping with Chaos: How Disordered Contexts Promote Stereotyping and Discrimination. Science, 2011, 332(6026), 251–2534 так?

Velichkovskij B.B. PhD dissertation (Psychology). Institut psihologii RAN, Moskva, 2007. (in Russian)

Vorob'eva I.V., Kruzhkova O.V. Psihologija gorodskoj sredy. Yekaterinburg: Ros. gos. prof.-ped. universitet, 2012. (in Russian)

Zhuravleva I.V. (Red.). Zdorov'e studentov: sociologicheskij analiz. Moscow: Institut sociologii RAN, 2012. (in Russian)

Received 17 July 2013. Date of publication: 21 April 2014.

About author

Kruzhkova Olga V. Ph.D., Associate Professor, Department of Social Psychology, Conflictology and Management, Ural State Pedagogical University, Kosmonavtov ul., 26, 620017 Yekaterinburg, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Suggested citation

Kruzhkova O.V. Individual determination of subjective importance of urban environment stress factors in the period of youth. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2014, Vol. 7, No. 34, p. 3. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2014v7n34e/967-kruzhkova34e.html

Back to top >>