Kravchenko Yu.E. The influence of suppression of emotional expression on intensity of the subjective experience of joy and compassion

Full text in Russian: Кравченко Ю.Е. Влияние подавления эмоциональной экспрессии на интенсивность субъективного переживания веселья и жалости
Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia

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A short overview of modern studies on the facial feedback hypothesis implying that emotional states are the result of our emotional expressions is given. Moreover, the results of two experiments that contradict this hypothesis and suggest that active suppression of motor activity and spontaneous reactions to emotional stimuli do not lead to weakening the relevant emotional state are presented. In the first experiment reactions of the subjects who viewed a funny cartoon were compared in three conditions: free emotional expression, suppressed emotional expression, and substitution of spontaneous expression (smile) with artificial expression (clapping). In the second experiment the procedure was the same but the subjects were asked to suppress compassion expression or to substitute compassion expression with paper tearing. The results confirmed the hypothesis that suppression of spontaneously expressed emotions strengthens the subjective experience. Substitution of spontaneous expression with the artificial one led to a shift in subjective experience, however, no clear trend was observed: in one case it led to strengthening and in the other – to weakening of subjective experience.

Keywords: facial feedback, subjective quality of experience, modality of emotions, smile, fun, joy, compassion

 

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Received 23 March 2014. Date of publication: 29 June 2014.

About author

Kravchenko Yunna E. Ph.D., Associate Professor, Department of Personality, L.S.Vygotsky Institute for Psychology, Russian State University for the Humanities, Miusskaya pl., 6, Moscow 125993, Russia.
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Kravchenko Yu.E. The influence of suppression of emotional expression on intensity of the subjective experience of joy and compassion. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2014, Vol. 7, No. 35, p. 4. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2014v7n35e/1003-kravchenko35e.html

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