Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal


Balashova E.Yu. The spatial organization of arbitrary movements at normal and pathological aging

Full text in Russian: Балашова Е.Ю. Пространственная организация произвольных движений при нормальном и патологическом старении
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Psychological Institute, Moscow, Russia
Mental Health Research center, Moscow, Russia
Moscow State Regional University, Moscow, Russia

About author
Suggested citation

In article are considered changes of the spatial organization of arbitrary movements at normal aging, depressions of late age, degenerate and vascular dementias from positions of neuropsychological approach. The data about features of performance tests of a spatial and dynamic praxis by mentally healthy participants of advanced and senile age, as well as patients with a depression, senile dementia and vascular dementia are presented. It is revealed that for normal aging and depressions of late age aren't characteristic the expressed violations of a spatial praxis and spatial components of a   dynamic praxis. Mistakes at those cases, as a rule, are connected with narrowing of capacity of mental activity and deficiency of mediation of spatial operation by words. At dementias the spatial organization of arbitrary movements suffers more seriously owing to destructions of neurodynamics base of motor sphere, its regulatory and operational components. At interpretation concerns questions of qualification and syndrome’s accessory of a number of the revealed symptoms, and also differentiation of destructions in spatial and temporary components of dynamic praxis also are discussed.

Keywords: spatial organization, arbitrary movements, aging, dementia, depression, neuropsychology


The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Humanities, project 14-06-00640 «Culture as a factor of person’s formation: current trends and mechanisms»


Balashova E.Yu. PhD dissertation (Psychology). Mosk. gos. universitet, Moscow, 1995. (in Russian)

Balashova E.Yu. Vestnik MGU. Seriya 14, Psikhologiya, 1996, No. 2, 37–46. (in Russian)

Balashova E.Yu., Kovyazina M.S. Neiropsikhologicheskaya diagnostika v voprosakh i otvetakh. Moscow: Genezis, 2013. (in Russian)

Balashova E.Yu., Ryakhovskii V.V., Shcherbakova N.P. Neiroreabilitatsiya2012: materialy IV Mezhdunarodnogo kongressa.27–28 February 2012. Moscow: NABI, 2012. pp. 13–14. (in Russian)

Bernshtein N.A. O lovkosti i ee razvitii. Moscow: Fizkul'tura i sport, 1991. (in Russian)

Birren J.E. (Ed.). Handbook of aging and the individual. Psychological and biological aspects. Chicago: University of Chicago press, 1959.

Birren J.E., Schaie K.W. (Eds.). Handbook of the psychology of aging. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1985.

Frolkis V.V. (Ed.). Starenie mozga. Leningrad: Nauka, 1991. (in Russian)

Gavrilova S.I. (Ed.). Rukovodstvo po geriatricheskoi psikhiatrii. Moscow: Pul's, 2014. (in Russian)

Khomskaya E.D. Neiropsikhologiya. Moscow: Mos. gos. universitet, 1987. (in Russian)

Korsakova N.K. Vestnik MGU, Seriya 14, Psikhologiya, 1996, No. 2, 32–37. (in Russian)

Korsakova N.K., Dybovskaya N.R., Roshchina I.F., Gavrilova S.I. Zhurnal nevropatologii i psikhiatrii im. S.S.Korsakova, 1991, 91(9), 42–46. (in Russian)

Korsakova N.K., Moskovichyute L.I. Klinicheskaya neiropsikhologiya. Moscow: Akademiya, 2003. (in Russian)

Luria A.R. Osnovy neiropsikhologii. Moscow: Mos. gos. universitet, 1973. (in Russian)

Luria A.R. Vysshie korkovye funktsii cheloveka i ikh narusheniya pri lokal'nykh porazheniyakh mozga. Moscow: Mos. gos. universitet, 1962. (in Russian)

Mankovskii N.B., Mints A.Ya. Starenie i nervnaya sistema (ocherki klinicheskoi neirogerontologii). Kiev: Zdorov'ya, 1972. (in Russian)

Mankovskii N.B., Mints A.Ya., Lysenyuk V.P. Zhurnal nevropatologii i psikhiatrii im. S.S.Korsakova, 1982, 82(11), 484– 490. (in Russian)

Medvedev A.V. Dementsii. In: L.I. Dvoretskii, L.B. Lazebnik (Eds.), Spravochnik po diagnostike i lecheniyu zabolevanii u pozhilykh. Moscow: Novaya Volna – Oniks, 2000, 136–162. (in Russian)

Roshchina I.F. PhD dissertation (Psychology). Mosk. gos. universitet, Moscow, 1993. (in Russian)

Shternberg E.Ya. Klinika dementsii presenil'nogo vozrasta. Leningrad: Meditsina, 1967. (in Russian)

Shternberg E.Ya. Zhurnal nevropatologii i psikhiatrii im. S.S.Korsakova, 1966, 66(1), 88– 95. (in Russian)

Received 6 April 2015. Date of publication: 27 June 2015.

About author

Balashova  ElenаYu. Ph.D., Associate Professor, Leading Research Associate, Department of Neuro - and Pathopsychology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11, str. 9, 125009 Moscow, Russia; Senior Research Associate, Psychological Institute, ul. Mokhovaya, 11, str. 4, 125009 Moscow, Russia; Senior Research Associate, Department of Medical Psychology, Mental Health Research Center, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Kashirskoe shosse, 34, 115522 Moscow, Russia; Senior Research Associate, Department of Psychology of  the Personality, Faculty of Psychology,  Moscow State Regional University, ul. Radio, 10A, 105005 Moscow, Russia.
Е-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Suggested citation

Balashova E.Yu. The spatial organization of arbitrary movements  at normal and pathological aging. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2015, Vol. 8, No. 41, p. 1. (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL:

Back to top >>

Related Articles