Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

Kuftyak E.V. Psychological health and protective mechanisms (psychological defenses and coping behavior) in childhood


KUFTYAK E.V. PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH AND PROTECTIVE MECHANISMS (PSYCHOLOGICAL DEFENSES AND COPING BEHAVIOR) IN CHILDHOOD
Full text in Russian: Куфтяк Е.В. Психологическое здоровье и защитные механизмы (психологические защиты и совладание) в детском возрасте

Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia

About author
Suggested citation


Psychological health of children is seen as a condition of providing adequate environmental adaptation. Theoretical and empirical studies of the contribution of psychological defenses and coping strategies for the prediction of psychological health are presented. The author assumes that features in the composition of psychological defenses and coping strategies, taking into account the state of the psychological health of children. The sample consists of 86 subjects (M = 5,6 years, 49 boys, 37 girls). Significant differences were found in the practiced ways of coping with difficulties in preschoolers based on health status. We analyze the connectivity of protective mechanisms with indicators of psychological health. Psychological defenses and coping strategies that contribute to the state of mental health are revealed.

Keywords: children, preschool age, psychological health, psychological defense mechanisms, coping behavior

 

Funding
The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Humanities, projects 16-36-00038 «Defense system in childhood and adolescence: search of adaptation models».


References

Ananiev V.A. PhD dissertation (Psychology). S.-Peterb. psikhonevrolog. institut im. V.M.Bekhtereva, St. Petersburg, 1999. (in Russian)

Bogdanova M.V. PhD dissertation (Psychology). Tomskii gos. universitet, Tomsk, 2005. (in Russian)

Callahan S., Chabrol H. Relations entre defense et coping: étude du Défense Style Questionnaire et du Brief COPE dans un échantillon non Clinique d'adultes jeunes. L'Encéphale, 2004, Vol. 30, 92–93.

Chumakova E.V. PhD dissertation (Psychology).  S.-Peterb. gos. universitet, St. Petersburg, 1999. (in Russian)

Cramer P. Coping and defense mechanisms: What's the difference? Journal of Personality, 1998, 66(6), 919–994.

Cramer P. Defense Mechanisms: 40 Years of Empirical Research. Journal of Personality Assessment, 2015, 97(2), 114–122.

Dubrovina I.V. Vestnik prakticheskoi psikhologii obrazovaniya, 2009, No. 3, 7–21. (in Russian)

Goodman R., Scott S. Detskaya psikhiatriya. Moscow: Triada-Kh, 2008. (in Russian)

Goodman R., Slobodskaya H., Knyazev G. Russian child mental health: a crosssectional study of prevalence and risk factors. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2005, 14(1), 28–33.

Isaeva E.R., Feshchenko M.I. Vestnik Yuzhno-Ural'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser.: Psikhologiya, 2010, 27(203), 91–96. (in Russian)

Khukhlaeva O.V. Osnovy psikhologicheskogo konsul'tirovaniya i psikhologicheskoi korrektsii. Moscow: Akademiya, 2011. (in Russian)

Kuftyak E.V. PhD dissertation (Psychology). S.-Peterb. gos. pedagog. universitet, St. Petersburg, 2003. (in Russian)

Kuftyak E.V. Extended abstract of PhD dissertation (Psychology). Institut psikhologii RAN, Moscow, 2011. (in Russian)

Kuftyak E.V. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2012, 2(22), 4. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian)

Kuftyak E.V. Meditsinskaya psikhologiya v Rossii, 2014, 1(24), 11. http://mprj.ru (in Russian)

Kuftyak E.V. In: A.L. Zhuravleva, E.A. Sergienko (Eds.), Printsip razvitiya v sovremennoi psikhologii. Moscow: Institut psikhologii RAN, 2016. pp. 339–359. (in Russian)

Nikolskaya I.M., Granovskaya R.M. Psikhologicheskaya zashchita u detei. St. Petersburg: Rech', 2000. (in Russian)

Sergienko E.A., Vilenskaya G.A., Kovaleva Yu.V. Kontrol' povedeniya kak sub"ektnaya regulyatsiya. Moscow: Institut psikhologii RAN, 2010. (in Russian)

Slobodskaya E.R. Voprosy Psikhicheskogo Zdorov'ya Detei i Podrostkov, 2008, No. 2, 8–21. (in Russian)

Steffens W., Kachele H. Abwehr und hewältigung-Mechanismen und Strategien. Wie ist eine Integration möglich? In: H. Kachele, W. Steffens (Eds.), Bewältigung und Abwehr: Beiträge zur Psychologie und Psychotherapie schwerer körperlicher Krankheiten. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1988, pp. 1–50.

Zhuravlev A.L., Sergienko E.A. (Eds.). Problemy stressa i vygoraniya i sovladanie s nimi v sovremennom obshchestve. Moscow: Institut psikhologii RAN, 2011. (in Russian)

Received 25 August 2016. Date of publication: 30 October 2016.

About author

Kuftyak Elena V. Ph.D., Associate Professor, Department of Special Pedagogy and Psychology, Kostroma State University, ul. Dzerzhinskogo, 17, 156001 Kostroma, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Suggested citation

Kuftyak E.V. Psychological health and protective mechanisms (psychological defenses and coping behavior) in childhood. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2016, Vol. 9, No. 49, p. 4. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2016v9n49e/1343-kuftyak49e.html

Back to top >>

Related Articles