Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal


Kuftyak E.V. Psychological health and protective mechanisms (psychological defenses and coping behavior) in childhood

Full text in Russian: Куфтяк Е.В. Психологическое здоровье и защитные механизмы (психологические защиты и совладание) в детском возрасте

Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia

About author
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Psychological health of children is seen as a condition of providing adequate environmental adaptation. Theoretical and empirical studies of the contribution of psychological defenses and coping strategies for the prediction of psychological health are presented. The author assumes that features in the composition of psychological defenses and coping strategies, taking into account the state of the psychological health of children. The sample consists of 86 subjects (M = 5,6 years, 49 boys, 37 girls). Significant differences were found in the practiced ways of coping with difficulties in preschoolers based on health status. We analyze the connectivity of protective mechanisms with indicators of psychological health. Psychological defenses and coping strategies that contribute to the state of mental health are revealed.

Keywords: children, preschool age, psychological health, psychological defense mechanisms, coping behavior


The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Humanities, projects 16-36-00038 «Defense system in childhood and adolescence: search of adaptation models».


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Received 25 August 2016. Date of publication: 30 October 2016.

About author

Kuftyak Elena V. Ph.D., Associate Professor, Department of Special Pedagogy and Psychology, Kostroma State University, ul. Dzerzhinskogo, 17, 156001 Kostroma, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Kuftyak E.V. Psychological health and protective mechanisms (psychological defenses and coping behavior) in childhood. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2016, Vol. 9, No. 49, p. 4. (in Russian, abstr. in English).

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