Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

2017 Vol. 10 Issue 52

Avanesyan M.O. Time organization in autobiographical narrative


AVANESYAN M.O. TIME ORGANIZATION IN AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL NARRATIVE
Full text in Russian: Аванесян М.О. Организация времени в автобиографическом нарративе

St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia

About author
Suggested citation


Autobiographical time is usually regarded as one of the structure-forming components of the life-story. The aim of this study was to identify the main ways of organizing time in the short autobiographies. We analyzed the autobiographies of 39 people aged 17 to 52 years old. Empirical evidence has shown that the different modalities of time (past, present, future) do not exist separately from each other, but are merged to provide time perspective. The past is linked with the present by means of open time periods and recurring events, unfulfilled alternative history of life ("if I then, that ...." "If not, then ..."), the movement of the starting point from past into the present. The active presence of "I" of the author, which appears in explanations, evaluations, breaking of the chronological sequence of events and etc., strengthens the current modality of the present. The present and future are linked with the past as its consequences. The future is connected with present due to the contrast principle ("other" than the present) or, alternatively, through the extension of the present to the future state (status quo). It is hypothesized that the particular representation of events in the autobiographical text can influence the perception of events the reader (acceleration or stretching of the passage of time). Cultural cognitive scheme "past-present-future" is the basis for life segmentation, but the reverse is also important as the process of integration of the various components of life experience in a holistic representation of life.

Keywords: autobiographical narrative, the representation of time, an autobiographical time, time modalities

 

Funding
The study was supported by Russian Foundation for Humanities, project 15-36-01357.


References

Allé M.C., Potheegadoo J., Köber C., Schneider P., Coutelle R., Habermas T., Berna F. Impaired coherence of life narratives of patients with schizophrenia. Scientific Reports, 2015, Vol. 5, 12934. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep12934

Balashova E.Yu., Mikeladze L.I. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2013, 6(30), 9. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian)

Block R.A. Models of psychological time. In: Cognitive Models of Psychological Time. Kirkland, WA: Hogrefe and Huber, 1990. pp. 171–195.

Brockmeier J. Autobiographical time. Narrative Inquiry, 2000, 10(1), 51–73.

Brockmeier J. Narrative and identity. In: Narrative and identity: studies in autobiography, self, and culture. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2001. pp 39–58.

Burlachuk L.F., Korzhova E.Yu. Psikhologiya zhiznennykh situatsii. Uchebnoe posobie [Psychology of Life Situations]. Moscow: Rossiiskoe pedagogicheskoe agentstvo, 1998. (in Russian)

Foley H.J., Matlin M.W. Sensation and Perception. 5th ed. New York, NY: Routledge, 2016.

Genette G. Narrative Discourse. Oxford: Cornell University Press, 1980.

Habermas T., Ehlert-Lerche S., De Silveira C. The Development of the Temporal Macrostructure of Life Narratives Across Adolescence: Beginnings, Linear Narrative Form, and Endings. Journal of Personality, 2009, 77(2), 527–560. doi:0.1111/j.1467-6494.2008.00557.x

Johnson M. The Body in the Mind: The Bodily Basis of Meaning, Imagination and Reason. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1990.

Nowack K., van der Meer E. Impact of chronotype and time perspective on the processing of scripts. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 2014, 92(2), 49–58.

Nurkova V.V. Psikhologiya. Zhurnal Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki, 2010, 7(2), 64–82. (in Russian)

Nurkova V.V. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie, 2014, 19(4), 22–30. (in Russian)

Nurkova V.V., Mitina O.V., Yanchenko E.V. Psikhologicheskii Zhurnal, 2005, No. 2, 22–32. (in Russian)

Nuttin J. Motivatsiya, deistvie i perspektiva budushchego [Motivation, planning, and action]. Moscow: Smysl, 2004. (in Russian)

Solomin I.L. Metod risunochnykh metafor. Moi zhiznennyi put'. Rukovodstvo po ispol'zovaniyu v professional'nom psikhologicheskom konsul'tirovanii [Picture metaphors method. My path of life]. St. Petersburg: Imaton, 1997. (in Russian)

Sucala M., Scheckner V., David D. Psychological Time: Interval Length Judgments and Subjective Passage of Time Judgments. Current Psychology Letters, 2010, 26(2). https://cpl.revues.org/4998

Turusheva Yu.B. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2014, 7(33), 6. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian)

Tyupa V.I. Vvedenie v sravnitel'nuyu narratologiyu [Introduction to comparative narratology]. Moscow: Intrada, 2016. (in Russian)

Vekker L.M. Psikhika i real'nost': edinaya teoriya psikhicheskikh protsessov [Mind and reality. Unified theory of psychic processes]. Moscow: Smysl, 1998. (in Russian)

White M. Karty narrativnoi praktiki. Vvedenie v narrativnuyu terapiyu [Maps of Narrative Practice]. Moscow: Genezis, 2010. (in Russian)

Zaitseva Yu.E. Ya-narrativy zhiznennykh perspektiv molodykh peterburzhtsev. Psikhologicheskie problemy samorealizatsii lichnosti [Self-narratives of the life prospects of young St. Petersburg. Psychological problems of self-identity. St. Petersburg: S.-Peterb. gos. universitet, 2014. Vol. 14, pp. 78–94. (in Russian)

Zaitseva Yu.E. Vestnik S.-Peterb. universiteta. Ser. 16, 2016, No. 1, 118–136. (in Russian)

Received 29 October 2016. Date of publication: 30 April 2017.

About author

Avanesyan Marina O. Ph.D., Senior Lecture, St. Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab., 7/9, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Suggested citation

Avanesyan M.O. Time organization in autobiographical narrative. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2017, Vol. 10, No. 52, p. 4. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2017v10n52e/1415-avanesyan52e.html

Back to top >>