Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

2017 Vol. 10 Issue 53

Martsinkovskaya T.D., Kiseleva E.A. Socialization in multicultural space


MARTSINKOVSKAYA T.D., KISELEVA E.A. SOCIALIZATION IN MULTICULTURAL SPACE
Full text in Russian: Марцинковская Т.Д., Киселева Е.А. Социализация в мультикультурном пространстве

Psychological Institute, Moscow, Russia
L.S.Vygotsky Institute for Psychology, Moscow, Russia
Federal Institute of Education Development, Moscow, Russia
Moscow State Regional University, Moscow, Russia

About authors
Suggested citation


The concepts need for "language" and "linguistic identity" are revealed, the connection between linguistic, ethnic and sociocultural identity is shown. The role of the need for language and linguistic identity in the process of socialization of small and large nations in a multicultural space is analyzed. The relationship between language and culture is revealed, as well as possible options for interpreting linguistic identity and the need for native and foreign languages. The results of an empirical study of the attitude to the language and culture of youth living in Moscow and the Republic of Komi, as well as the ethnic group of "Russian Germans", are presented. It is proved that a specific social situation led to the change in the status of the language and the attitude towards it. Never the less, the language, which is not even a priority one, emotionally remains a phenomenon of ethnicity. It is shown that the attitude towards the country among the majority of respondents is neutral, while the attitude to language, culture and, especially, to the native nature is always emotional. The majorities of respondents communicate and think in Russian; nevertheless they consider the German or Komi language as native ones. Thus ethnic identification is carried out on the basis of native, rather than the most commonly used language. In multinational cities the differences between ethnic and sociocultural identity are small. Culture as a positive component of sociocultural identity dominates in the big city, and its influence on ethnic identity in this case is ambivalent. The low status of the native language can lead to a stigmatized linguistic identity and increase anxiety and uncertainty in the future. With an unequivocally positive attitude to nature, the attitude to the native and foreign culture can be ambivalent. At the same time, all respondents have an unambiguously positive, idealized attitude towards their ethnos, which leads to ethnocentrism and a negative attitude towards foreign nations.

Keywords: socialization, sociocultural, ethnic, linguistic identity, culture, language

 

Funding
The article prepared due to the project "Psychology-pedagogical support for children at risk: minors who are cared by relatives of persons implicated in terrorist and extremist activity, including adolescents with deviant behavior", running under the state order of Ministry of education and science of Russia (No. 27.10036.2017/5.1)


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Received 23 February 2017. Date of publication: 30 June 2017.

About authors

Martsinkovskaya Tatyana D. Ph.D., Professor, Psychological Institute, ul. Mokhovaya, 9–4, 125009 Moscow, Russia; Federal institute of Development of Education, ul. Cernjahovskogo, 9–1, 125319 Moscow, Russia; L.S.Vygotsky Institute for Psychology, Russian State University for the Humanities, Miusskaya pl., 6, 125993 Moscow, Russia; Department of Psychology of the Personality, Faculty of Psychology, Moscow State Regional University, ul. Radio, 10A, 105005 Moscow, Russia. ORCID iD 0000-0003-2810-2554
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Kiseleva E.A.  Ph.D., Associate Professor, Moscow State Regional University, ul. Radio, 10A, 105005 Moscow, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Martsinkovskaya T.D., Kiseleva E.A. Socialization in multicultural space. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2017, Vol. 10, No. 53, p. 2. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2017v10n53e/1437-martsinkovskaya53e.html

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