2017 Vol 10 Issue 54

Gavrichenko O.V., Martsinkovskaya T.D. Culture as an identity creator

Full text in Russian: Гавриченко О.В., Марцинковская Т.Д. Культура как образующая идентичности

Psychological Institute, Moscow, Russia
L.S.Vygotsky Institute for Psychology, Moscow, Russia
Federal Institute of Education Development, Moscow, Russia

About authors
Suggested citation

The influence of the social situation on the process of creativity and the identity of artists is revealed. The role of culture in a stable situation and a transitive world is shown. It is stated that this role is consisted in the reflecting of values and emotional state of society, crystallizing the changes in works of art, restoring the integrity of the identity of people. It is proved that in the situation of transitivity, the most important role of art becomes prognostic, which opens the direction of the further movement of society. Changes in the content of works of art and style of creativity of composers, artists, directors in different periods of the sociocultural situation of society are demonstrated. Transformations in the art and understanding of the purpose of creativity in the period of cardinal transformations that occurred at the XIX–XX centuries are revealed. Artists in different fields of art came to the idea that in the new time-space it will be difficult for people to be identified not only with established causal relationships, but also with established norms, stereotypes, even values that are common for all. Therefore, there was a cardinal transition from the word-plot-representations – to the image-experience. It is shown that changes in the direction of creativity of musicians, artists, and painters are refracted not only in their works, but also in the content and structure of their identity, the meaningful filling of their role functional. This allocation is revealed in an empirical study, which presents a comparative analysis of the personal characteristics of modern students of musical and theatrical higher educational institutions. Common features and differences between musicians and theatrical students, specificity of performers (actors, musicians) and organizers (directors and conductors) are revealed. Common to all students is high demonstrativeness, orientation to the future and purposefulness. At the same time actors and directors have a higher level of regulation of their emotional state and imitation of behavior. An important difference is the clearer professional component of identity, which is manifested in general for all musicians and, especially, for directors and conductors.

Keywords: culture, socio-cultural identity, personal identity, socialization, aesthetic paradigm



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Received 16 April 2017. Date of publication: 31 August 2017.

About authors

Gavrichenko Oksana V. Ph.D., Associate Professor, L.S.Vygotsky Institute for Psychology, Russian State University for the Humanities, Miusskaya pl., 6, 125993 Moscow, Russia.
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Martsinkovskaya Tatyana D. Ph.D., Professor, Psychological Institute, ul. Mokhovaya, 9–4, 125009 Moscow, Russia; Federal Institute of Development of Education, ul. Cernjahovskogo, 9–1, 125319 Moscow, Russia; L.S.Vygotsky Institute for Psychology, Russian State University for the Humanities, Miusskaya pl., 6, 125993 Moscow, Russia. ORCID iD 0000-0003-2810-2554
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Suggested citation

Gavrichenko O.V., Martsinkovskaya T.D. Culture as an identity creator. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2017, Vol. 10, No. 54, p. 11. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

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