2017 Vol. 10 Issue 55

Pankratova A.A., Osin E.N., Hasanova U.U. Levels of horizontal and vertical individualism and collectivism in Russia and Azerbaijan


PANKRATOVA A.A., OSIN E.N., HASANOVA U.U. LEVELS OF HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL INDIVIDUALISM AND COLLECTIVISM IN RUSSIA AND AZERBAIJAN
Full text in Russian: Панкратова А.А., Осин Е.Н., Гасанова У.У. Уровень горизонтального и вертикального индивидуализма и коллективизма в России и Азербайджане

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia
Baku State University, Baku, Azerbaijan

About authors
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The paper tests the measurement invariance of the Russian version of INDCOL questionnaire by H.Triandis in samples from Russia (n = 333) and Azerbaijan (n = 326) using multigroup exploratory structural equation modelling (MG-ESEM) and differential item functioning analysis based on the MIMIC model. The poor fit of the theoretically expected structure is explained by the presence of factor cross-loadings and correlated uniquenesses. The internal consistency of the scales (Cronbach's alpha) is in the 0,53–0,77 range. The comparison of latent means using MG-ESEM and using the MIMIC model has resulted in similar findings. The Russian sample showed higher levels of vertical individualism (rivalry, competition) and horizontal collectivism (belonging to a group, interdependence). The Azerbaijani sample showed higher levels of horizontal individualism (being unique, different from others) and vertical collectivism (subordinating one’s interests to those of the group). We also investigated the associations between cultural values and emotional expression (DRAI by D.Matsumoto). Horizontal individualism in Azerbaijan was associated with simulation of emotions (amplification of behavioral expressions of emotions) (r = 0,15). Horizontal collectivism in the Russian sample was associated with open expression of emotions (r = 0,23). Vertical collectivism in Azerbaijan was correlated with hiding emotions (r = 0,19).

Keywords: INDCOL questionnaire, individualism, collectivism, display rules, Russia, Azerbaijan

 

Funding
The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project 16-06-00363 "Culture values and emotion display rules".


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Received 29 June 2017. Date of publication: 31 October 2017.

About authors

Pankratova Alina A. Ph.D., Senior Research Associate, Department of Behavioral Genetics, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11–9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Osin Evgeny N. Ph.D., Associate Professor, Department of Psychology; Leading Research Associate, International laboratory of positive psychology of personality and motivation, Higher School of Economics (National Research University), ul. Myasnitskaya, 20, 101000 Moscow, Russia.
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Hasanova Ulkar U. Ph.D. Student, Lecturer, Department of Social and Pedagogical Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences and Psychology, Baku State University, ul. Academic Zahid Khalilov, 23, AZ 1148 Baku, Azerbaijan.
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Suggested citation

Pankratova A.A., Osin E.N., Hasanova U.U. Levels of horizontal and vertical individualism and collectivism in Russia and Azerbaijan. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2017, Vol. 10, No. 55, p. 3. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2017v10n55e/1486-pankratova55e.html

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