2017 Vol. 10 Issue 55

Dubashevskaya E.A. Features of self-relationship and relationships with others in people with impaired vision


DUBASHEVSKAYA E.A. FEATURES OF SELF-RELATIONSHIP AND RELATIONSHIPS WITH OTHERS IN PEOPLE WITH IMPAIRED VISION
Full text in Russian: Дубашевская Е.А. Особенности самоотношения и межличностных взаимоотношений людей с нарушением функции зрения в контексте совместной деятельности

Kursk State Medical University, Kursk, Russia

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The study of the characteristics of self-relations and interpersonal relationships between people with visual impairment in the context of joint activities is due to the growing increase in people's disability, as well as a significant lack of research on this topic. This paper presents the results of an experimental study aimed at studying the characteristics of self-relationships and interpersonal relationships in the context of joint activities of people with sensory impairments. The obtained results testify to statistically significant differences in the types of interpersonal relations according to T.Liri's method in women with impaired vision and women without disturbing the visual function on the scales of authoritarian, suspicious and subordinate type. Among men, differences in the dominant and selfish type of interpersonal relationships were revealed. The study of self-relations by the technique of S.R.Panteleeva identified the differences between blind and sighted women in the categories of self-guidance and self-interest. Among the groups of men, statistically significant differences were obtained according to the scales of autosympathy, the expected relationship from others, self-interest, self-confidence. The hardware method "Arka" for investigating the joint activity of small groups A.S Chernyshev revealed statistical significant differences in scales: the time spent the independence of the group, the degree of implementation of the instructions. The features of joint activities in groups of blind people differ significantly from the joint activities of sighted people, namely, the nature of the group's independence, the degree of implementation of the requirements of instructions, discussion and cooperation, as well as in relation to the activities performed. People with sensory impairments perceive the collection of the "Arch" as a way of realizing their own capabilities; sighted people have a pronounced playful aspect in relation to the Arka collection. Categories of relationships, self-relations and interpersonal relationships are an important component of the successful functioning of blind people in society.

Keywords: system of relations, self-relationship, interpersonal relationships, mental development of blind people, peculiarities of blind people's relations, joint activity of blind people

 

Acknowledgements
I express my gratitude to Suryaninova's scientific adviser Tatyana Ilinichna for her help in editing the article, as well as for the psychologist-educator Firsova L.S. for help with the research.


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Received 22 July 2017. Date of publication: 30 October 2017.

About author

Dubashevskaya Ekaterina A. Ph.D. Student, Faculty of General and Clinical Psychology, Kursk State Medical University, pr. Pobedy, 34, 305014 Kursk, Russia.
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Dubashevskaya E.A. Features of self-relationship and relationships with others in people with impaired vision. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2017, Vol. 10, No. 55, p. 6. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

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