Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal


2018 Vol. 11 Issue 57

Zarudnaya E.A., Balashova E.Yu. Verbal memory in late ontogenesis: normal aging and late-age depression

Full text in Russian: Зарудная Е.А., Балашова Е.Ю. Вербальная память в позднем онтогенезе: нормальное старение и депрессии позднего возраста

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
FGBNU "Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education", Moscow, Russia
Mental Health Research Center, Moscow, Russia

About authors
Suggested citation

The authors analyze the features of verbal memory in late-aged depression and normal aging. Due to the increase in the frequency of late-onset affective disorders of the depressive spectrum in recent decades, the attention of specialists is increasingly attracted to the analysis of mental processes of patients. One of the vulnerable components of the cognitive sphere in late depression is memory. The objective of this study was to assess verbal memory in patients with depression and mentally healthy late-aged. A group of patients with depression (F. 31, F. 32, F. 33 on ICD-10) consisting of 197 persons (age 68+13 years) who were hospitalized in the clinic of Mental Health Research center, as well as 100 mentally healthy persons (age 64+8,3 years) were examined. The control and clinical groups were comparable in terms of the main socio-demographic characteristics. The authors interpreted the results of the two methods: 1) learning and delayed recall of 5 words presented at the hearing; 2) the naming of the 5 sharp objects. The first method assessed: the volume of direct reproduction; the number of presentation of the material; the volume of delayed reproduction, the frequency of different types of errors. The second methodology assessed the frequency of errors, pauses and cases when respondents needed additional verbal stimulation and/or clarification of the semantic field. Statistical data processing was performed using the program SPSS Statistics and Microsoft Office Excel 2007. The results showed that patients with depression coped worse with the proposed tasks than mentally healthy persons. When memorizing 5 words they had lower indicators of direct and delayed reproduction; they generally required more presentations of the material for learning. Negative age dynamics of indicators of the verbal memory was more pronounced for depression. When calling 5 sharp subjects patients with depression often paused; often needed verbal stimulation by a psychologist or a hint of the semantic field.

Keywords: verbal memory, normal aging, late-age depression, neuropsychology



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Received 11 December 2017. Date of publication: 28 February 2018.

About authors

Zarudnaya Ekaterina A. Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11–9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Balashova Elenа Yu. Ph.D., Leading Research Associate, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11–9, 125009 Moscow, Russia; Senior Research Associate, FGBNU "Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education", ul. Mokhovaya, 9–4, 125009 Moscow, Russia; Senior Research Associate, Mental Health Research Center, Kashirskoe sh., 34, 115522 Moscow, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Zarudnaya E.A., Balashova E. Yu. Verbal memory in late ontogenesis: normal aging and late-age depression. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2018, Vol. 11, No. 57, p. 2. (in Russian, abstr. in English).

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