2018 Vol. 11 Issue 57

Akhmetzyanova A.I. Structural-functional organization of anticipatively-prognostic mechanism of socially-psychological adaptation with addictive behavior


AKHMETZYANOVA A.I. STRUCTURAL-FUNCTIONAL ORGANIZATION OF ANTICIPATIVELY-PROGNOSTIC MECHANISM OF SOCIALLY-PSYCHOLOGICAL ADAPTATION WITH ADDICTIVE BEHAVIOR
Full text in Russian: Ахметзянова А.И. Структурно-функциональная организация антиципационно-прогностического механизма социально-психологической адаптации при аддиктивном поведении

Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia

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In the solution of the resocialization tasks at the addictive behavior, there is the issue of socio-psychological adaptation and the mechanisms for its regulation, where the anticipatory-prognostic processes provide planning for the direction of the behavior transformation based on the assessment of external conditions. Returning to a "healthy" social environment from a pathological one places new demands on behavior and social functioning of an individual as a whole. Anticipation-prognostic processes play the leading role in the regulation of behavior. We should note the following contradictions: between the introduction of new methods and technologies for correcting addictive behavior, on the one hand, and increasing differentiation of the object content and reduced age of the addictions occurrence, on the other. There are also contradictions between high social demand for the need to return to the "healthy" social environment from the pathological one in addictive behavior, on the one hand, and low research activity in the study of factors, criteria and mechanisms that ensure the effectiveness of the resocialization process in addictive behavior, on the other. The need to resolve these contradictions at the social and socio-psychological levels leads to the need to study the anticipatory-prognostic mechanism of socio-psychological adaptation in addictive behavior. Assessment of the anticipatory-prognostic mechanism of socio-psychological adaptation in the range of norm-pathology at the social level allows predicting deviant manifestations both on a scale of the community as a whole and on a scale of individual social groups. At the socio-psychological level, it allows analyzing the adaptive resources of an individual in the context of changes in the social situation with the aim of planning and forecasting interpersonal interaction strategies. The aim of the research is to study the structural and functional organization of the anticipatory-prognostic mechanism of socio-psychological adaptation in addictive behavior. The research result found that a low level of socio-psychological adaptation, manifested in maladjustment, acceptance of oneself, emotional comfort and internality, is realized through an anticipatory failure, rigidity of regulatory processes, high dissociation. The structural and functional organization of the anticipatory-prognostic mechanism of socio-psychological adaptation in addictive behavior is represented by the anticipatory-perspective, internal-analytic and regulatory-adaptive factors characterized by a specific content in alcohol and drug addiction.

Keywords: socially-psychological adaptation, anticipatively-prognostic mechanism, addictive behavior, alcohol dependence, drug dependence

 

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Received 9 November 2017. Date of publication: 22 February 2018.

About author

Akhmetzyanova Anna I. PhD., Associate Professor, Institute of Psychology and Education, Kazan Federal University, ul. Kremlevskaya, 18, 420008 Kazan, Russia.
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Akhmetzyanova A.I. Structural-functional organization of anticipatively-prognostic mechanisms of socially-psychological adaptation with addictive behavior. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2018, Vol. 11, No. 57, p. 4. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

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