Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal


2018 Vol 11 Issue 59

Nasledov A.D., Miroshnikov S.A., Tkacheva L.O. Identification of prognostic markers of developmental delay in 4-year-olds

Full text in Russian: Наследов А.Д., Мирошников С.А., Ткачева Л.О. Идентификация прогнозных маркеров задержки психического развития 4-летних детей

St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia

About authors
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The aim of the study was to identify the predictive markers of developmental delay (DD) in 4-year-olds to elaborate a reliable, valid and easy to use scale of prediction of the developmental vector (Norm, DD). A sample of 4-year-old children attending kindergartens consisted of 575 children of Norm group and 53 children of DD group. A system of test tasks consisting of 236 points was used for the assessment of social, cognitive and motor development of children. Of these, 20 points were selected as a result of the consistent application of factor and discriminant analysis, which best divided Norm and DD groups. These points were grouped into scales - predictive markers (PM) of DD, presented in descending order of their contribution to the prediction: "Logical reasoning", "Motor skills", "General awareness”. High accuracy of prediction (up to 96%) indicates a dramatic gap in the level of development of the groups (Norm and DD). This may be due to the late diagnosis of problems of children's development in Russia. As a result of standardization, test norms for these scales have been obtained, allowing the usage of the method as a reliable and valid diagnostic tool for differentiation of delayed development from the normal one. The elaborated method is designed for the rapid identification of "risk group" among 4-years children for the purpose of further more accurate diagnosis of the developmental deviations by profile specialists.

Keywords: prognostic markers, developmental delay, norm, 4-year-old children, screening


The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project 17-06-00989-OGN.


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Received 27 April 2018. Date of publication: 29 June 2018.

About authors

Nasledov Andrey D. Ph.D, Faculty of Psychology, St. Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab, 7/9, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia.
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Miroshnikov Sergey A. Ph.D, Director, Longitude Ltd, Grazhdanskii pr., 83–4, 195257  St. Petersburg, Russia.
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Tkacheva Liubov O. Ph.D, Faculty of Psychology, St. Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab, 7/9, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Nasledov A.D., Miroshnikov S.A., Tkacheva L.O. Identification of prognostic markers of developmental delay in 4-year-olds. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2018, Vol. 11, No. 59, p. 12. (in Russian, abstr. in English).

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