Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

2018 Vol 11 Issue 60

Samokhvalova A.G., Ekimchik O.A. Communicative difficulties of adolescents: study of psychometric qualities of the Questionnaire "Difficulties in communicating with peers and adults"


SAMOKHVALOVA A.G., EKIMCHIK O.A. COMMUNICATIVE DIFFICULTIES OF ADOLESCENTS: STUDY OF PSYCHOMETRIC QUALITIES OF THE QUESTIONNAIRE "DIFFICULTIES IN COMMUNICATING WITH PEERS AND ADULTS"
Full text in Russian: Самохвалова А.Г., Екимчик О.А. Коммуникативные трудности подростка: исследование психометрических качеств Опросника «Трудности в общении со сверстниками и взрослыми»

Institute of Pedagogy and Psychology, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia

About authors
Suggested citation


Methodological approaches to the creation of a new tool for measuring communicative difficulties in adolescence are presented - the Questionnaire "Difficulties in communicating with peers and adults" (author A.G.Samokhvalova). The results of a study of the psychometric qualities of this questionnaire, designed to study the actual communicative difficulties of adolescents, are presented on a sample of 336 people aged 15-17 years (9th grade students - 86 boys and 79 girls, 11th grade students - 86 boys and 85 girls). The questionnaire measures what communicative difficulties arise in adolescents in the process of communicating with peers and adults. The technique allows to identify the difficulties of four groups - the basic ones, connected with the personal qualities of a teenager; meaningful, connected with a lack of communicative knowledge, inability to plan and reorganize communication programs; instrumental, connected with the teenager's inability to effectively implement the planned communication plans in practice, to influence the partner; reflexive, connected with inability to analyze communication, inability to recognize and correct own mistakes. All the final data meet the criteria of sexual and age differences, are correlated with the expert evaluation of the nature of communication of adolescents by specialists. The authors obtained empirical norms separately for four subscales. The results show good constructive validity of the method, including its theoretically justified factor structure in relation to different age categories, as well as statistically verified convergent and discriminant validity. It is concluded that the technique of "Difficulties in communicating with peers and adults" is reliable for measuring the communicative difficulties of adolescents.

Keywords: adolescent, communication, communicative difficulties, psychometric qualities, norms, constructive validity

 

Funding
The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project 17-06-00607-OGN / 18 "Communicative difficulties of the child in a multicultural social environment: factors of emergence and ways to overcome".


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Received 2 June 2018. Date of publication: 29 August 2018.

About authors

Samokhvalova Anna G. Ph.D., Associate Professor, Head of the Institute of Pedagogy and Psychology, Kostroma State University, ul. Dzerzhinsky, 17, 156005 Kostroma, Russia
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Ekimchik Olga A. Ph.D., Associate Professor, Department of Social Psychology, Kostroma State University, ul. Dzerzhinskogo, 17, 156005, Kostroma, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Samokhvalova A.G., Ekimchik O.A. Communicative difficulties of adolescents: study of psychometric qualities of the Questionnaire "Difficulties in communicating with peers and adults". Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2018, Vol. 11, No. 60, p. 7. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2018v11n60e/1613-samokhvalova60e.html

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