Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

2018 Vol 11 Issue 61

Enikolopov S.N, Medvedeva T.I., Vorontsova O.Y., Chudova N.V., Kuznetsova J.M., Penkina M.Y., Minin A.N., Stankevich M.A., Smirnov I.V., Lubavskaya A.A. Linguistic characteristics of texts of mentally ill and healthy people


ENIKOLOPOV S.N., MEDVEDEVA T.I., VORONTSOVA O.Y., CHUDOVA N.V., KUZNETSOVA J.M., PENKINA M.Y., MININ A.N., STANKEVICH M.A., SMIRNOV I.V., LUBAVSKAYA A.A. LINGUISTIC CHARACTERISTICS OF TEXTS OF MENTALLY ILL AND HEALTHY PEOPLE
Full text in Russian: Ениколопов С.Н., Медведева Т.И., Воронцова О.Ю., Чудова Н.В., Кузнецова Ю.М., Пенкина М.Ю., Минин А.Н., Станкевич М.А., Смирнов И.В., Любавская А.А. Лингвистические характеристики текстов психически больных и здоровых людей

Mental Health Research Center, Moscow, Russia
Institute of Systems Analysis, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
Kurgan State University, Kurgan, Russia

About authors
Suggested citation


The article provides an overview of existing methods of text intelligent analysis used as research tools in clinical psychology and psychiatry. A linguistic analysis of the texts written by healthy people (142 people) and patients with endogenous mental diseases (22 people) was conducted at the first stage of the development of a complex method of linguistic text analysis taking into account lexical as well as other aspects of written speech. To analyze the semantic-syntactic structure of utterances, the relational-situational analysis method was used, which is based on Zolotova’s sintaxemes analysis and on the concept of heterogeneous semantic networks by G.S. Osipov. Also, a method of the lexical frequency analysis was employed using the PLATIn analyzer, developed on the basis of the Exactus Expert processor. The used methods allowed identifying differences in the texts with respect to a number of parameters: characteristics of the syntactic structure of sentences and semantic roles of predicates, psycholinguistic and lexical emotional markers, characteristics of the topics discussed in the text. It is shown that the parameters related to the semantic roles of predicates - agents, causative agents, facilitators, predicates, instrumentalities, generatives - are significantly reduced in the patients. Differences in the psycholinguistic indicators, such as the first person plural pronouns, the first person singular pronouns, the Treiger index, the ratio of the number of infinitives to the total number of verbs are connected with psychopathological deficit symptoms and self-focused attention in the patients. The characteristics of the discussed topics showed the relevance of the illness and health care and less frequent mentioning other social problems in the texts of the patients.

Keywords: syntaxemes, relational-situational analysis, psycholinguistic indicators, emotive lexicon, text analysis, endogenous mental illnesses

 

Funding
The study was supported by Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project 17-29-02305.


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Received 26 August 2018. Date of publication: 31 October 2018.

About authors

Enikolopov Sergey N. Ph.D., Associate Professor, Head, Department of Medical Psychology, Mental Health Research Center, Kashirskoye sh., 34, 115230 Moscow, Russia.
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Medvedeva Tatiana I. Junior Research Associate, Department of Medical Psychology, Mental Health Research Center, Kashirskoye sh., 34, 115230 Moscow, Russia.
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Vorontsova Oksana Y. Research Associate, Department of Medical Psychology, Mental Health Research Center, Kashirskoye sh., 34, 115230 Moscow, Russia.
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Chudova Natalia V. Ph.D., Senior Research Associate, Federal Research Center "Computer Science and Control", Institute for Systems Analysis, Russian Academy of Sciences (ISA RAS), 60-letiya Oktyabrya pr., 9, 117312 Moscow, Russia.
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Kuznetsova Juliya M. Ph.D., Senior Research Associate, Federal Research Center "Computer Science and Control", Institute for Systems Analysis, Russian Academy of Sciences (ISA RAS), 60-letiya Oktyabrya pr., 9, 117312 Moscow, Russia.
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Penkina Marina Y. Senior Lecturer, General and Experimental Psychology Department, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, ul. Sretenka, 29, 127051 Moscow, Russia.
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Minin Alexej N. Senior Lecturer, Department of Sociology and Social Work, Kurgan State University, ul. Tomina, 40, 640000 Kurgan, Russia.
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Stankevich Maxim A. Engineer, Federal Research Center "Computer Science and Control", Institute for Systems Analysis, Russian Academy of Sciences (ISA RAS), 60-letiya Oktyabrya pr., 9, 117312 Moscow, Russia.
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Smirnov Ivan V. Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Head of Department of Intelligent Processing of Information Federal Research Center "Computer Science and Control", Institute for Systems Analysis, Russian Academy of Sciences (ISA RAS), 60-letiya Oktyabrya pr., 9, 117312 Moscow, Russia.
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Lubavskaya Anastasia A. Junior Research Associate, Department of Medical Psychology, Mental Health Research Center, Kashirskoye sh., 34, 115230 Moscow, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Enikolopov S.N, Medvedeva T.I., Vorontsova O.Y., Chudova N.V., Kuznetsova J.M., Penkina M.Y., Minin A.N., Stankevich M.A., Smirnov I.V., Lubavskaya A.A. Linguistic characteristics of texts of mentally ill and healthy people. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2018, Vol. 11, No. 61, p. 1. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2018v11n61e/1631-enikolopov61e.html  

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