Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

2018 Vol 11 Issue 62

Martsinkovskaya T.D., Kiseleva E.A. Socialization and acculturation in the transitive space


MARTSINKOVSKAYA T.D., KISELEVA E.A. SOCIALIZATION AND ACCULTURATION IN THE TRANSITIVE SPACE
Full text in Russian: Марцинковская Т.Д., Киселева Е.А. Социализация и аккультурация в транзитивном пространстве

L.S.Vygotsky Institute for Psychology, Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia
FGBNU "Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education", Moscow, Russia
Moscow State Regional University, Moscow, Russia

About authors
Suggested citation


It is considered the specificity of acculturation and socialization of young people in situations of transitivity with different degrees of rigidity - from crisis to melted and stable. The leading role of the positive emotional experience in relation to one's own and foreign cultures and the close relationship between the native culture and language is shown. The importance of sociocultural identity in the current situation of rigid transitivity and its positive role in socialization and acculturation in comparison with ethnic identity is proved. Research possibilities and limitations of myths and fairy tales in the process of analyzing the specifics of modern socialization and enculturation are revealed. The significance of A.A. Potebna and G.G. Shpet theories in analyzing the role of culture in the process of person’s formation is shown. Seven criteria that determine the successful process of social and group socialization are revealed. The results obtained in empirical study of changes in emotional experience towards oneself and others after change of residence as well as the dynamics of ethnocentrism in different regions are described. In the study, which took place in 2015–18, were involved: young people of Karelian and German nationality living in Russia, the CIS, Finland and Germany, as well as young people living in large cities in Russia, Germany and France. In the course of the research, were obtained the materials concerning the attitudes toward the native and alien cultures, as well as materials that reveal the structure of sociocultural identity and attitudes toward people of an alien culture. The obtained results confirmed the close connection between concepts about language and culture, which is actualized in a situation of rigid transitivity. Emotional experiences in relation to one's own and foreign culture can be considered as an indicator of the degree of socialization and acculturation. Differences between the assessment of concrete people of a foreign culture and the overall assessment and attitude to a large group of people of a different culture and language are associated with ethnocentrism. An assumption is made about the possibility of constructing a model of complementary, corresponding and orthogonal cultures.

Keywords: acculturation, socialization, transitivity, sociocultural identity, ethnocentrism

 

Funding
The study was supported by Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project 17-06-00077-ОГН\18.


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Received 18 September 2018. Date of publication: 24 December 2018.

About authors

Martsinkovskaya Tatyana D. Ph.D., Professor, L.S.Vygotsky Institute for Psychology, Russian State University for the Humanities, Miusskaya pl., 6, 125993 Moscow, Russia; FGBNU "Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education", ul. Mokhovaya, 9–4, 125009 Moscow, Russia; Federal Institute of Development of Education, ul. Chernyakhovskogo, 9–1, 125319 Moscow, Russia.
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ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2810-2554

Kiseleva Ekaterina A. Ph.D., L.S.Vygotsky Institute for Psychology, Russian State University for the Humanities, Miusskaya pl., 6, 125993 Moscow, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Suggested citation

Martsinkovskaya T.D., Kiseleva E.A. Socialization and acculturation in the transitive space. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2018, Vol. 11, No. 62, p. 10. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2018v11n62e/1664-kiseleva62e.html

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