Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

2019 Vol. 12 Issue 63

Rasskazova E.I., Emelin V.A., Tkhostov A.Sch. Cognitive components of radical attitudes and readiness to extreme


RASSKAZOVA E.I., EMELIN V.A., TKHOSTOV A.SCH. COGNITIVE COMPONENTS OF RADICAL ATTITUDES AND READINESS TO EXTREME
Full text in Russian: Рассказова Е.И., Емелин В.А., Тхостов А.Ш. Когнитивные компоненты радикальных установок и готовности к экстремальному поведению: разработка рабочей модели

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

About authors
Suggested citation


The spread of various forms of radicalism in modern society is one of the most complex and disturbing phenomena: from the simple intransigence of opponents to religious fundamentalism, extremism and terrorism. The purpose of this study was to develop a working model of the cognitive components of radical attitudes and their verification on study of readiness for extreme behavior. We define radicalism as a personal style that manifests itself in interaction with other people in that in certain social situations only one option (actions, behaviors, events) is considered as correct and acceptable, and a person is ready to defend it at any cost, including aggressively and with the use of extreme action. Theoretical analysis suggested seven cognitive components of radical attitudes: the propensity to defend one’s opinion at any cost, black-and-white thinking, impulsive decision making, the idea of the acceptability of a public expression of aggression and interest in its public manifestations, self-confidence, the belief in easy correctability of personal mistakes. Each cognitive component of radicalistic attitudes was evaluated in 219 respondents aged from 18 to 60; then they filled the Tolerance Index, the Bass-Perry Aggression Questionnaire, Barrett Impulsivity Scale, and also evaluated their readiness to commit extreme actions for various reasons. Reliability-consistency for radical attitudes components ranged from 0.62 to 0.79. Comparison of cognitive components of radicalism with general impulsiveness, tolerance and aggression confirmed the discriminant validity of the components. Six out of seven components (except for black-and-white thinking) are related to subjective readiness for extreme actions for their beliefs and values, and four out of seven (opinion defending, acceptability of expressing aggression, self-confidence, low cost of error) remained afted statistical control for tolerance impulsiveness or aggressiveness and respondents. The obtained data confirm the validity of most of the proposed components of radical attitudes as well as their relationship to the readiness for radical (extreme) behavior.

Keywords: radicalism, cognitive components of radicalism, readiness to extreme forms of behavior, aggression, tolerance, impulsivity

 

Funding
The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project 18-013-01222 “Cognitive-personal factors of radicalist attitudes and forms of behavior”.


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Received 20 November 2018. Date of publication: 20 February 2019.

About authors

Rasskazova Elena I., PhD, Associate Professor, Clinical Psychology Department, Psychological Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Mokhovaya, 11-9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Emelin Vadim A., PhD, professor, Psychology Methodology Department, Psychological Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Mokhovaya, 11-9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Tkhostov Aleksandr Sch., PhD, professor, the Head of Clinical Psychology Department, Psychological Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Mokhovaya, 11-9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Rasskazova E.I., Emelin V.A., Tkhostov A.Sch. Cognitive components of radical attitudes and readiness to extreme. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2018, Vol. 12, No. 63, p. 2. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2019v12n63e/1680-rasskazova63e.html

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