Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

2019 Vol. 12 Issue 63

Alekseeva O.S., Rzhanova I.E. Relationships between values and personality traits


ALEKSEEVA O.S., RZHANOVA I.E. RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN VALUES AND PERSONALITY TRAITS
Full text in Russian: Алексеева О.С., Ржанова И.Е. Ценности и их связь с базовыми чертами личности

FGBNU "Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education", Moscow, Russia

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Studying of human values is one of the most popular themes in modern psychology. Researchers have defined basic values, conducted cohort and cross-cultural comparisons, determined mechanisms of values development, investigated links between values and personality traits. The aim of our study was to analyze relationships between values and Big Five personality traits (Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, Conscientiousness, Openness to experience) with sex and age differences. Sample included 438 individuals at the age from 18 to 79 years. To determinate human values we used Schwartz Portrait Values Questionnaire, to assess Big Five personality traits we used Russian version of Big Five Personality Inventory. The most important values for our respondents are Universalism, Benevolence, Security and Self-direction; the least important - Conformity, Stimulation and Power. For assessment of interrelations between values and personality features the hierarchical regression analysis was used. Conservation values (Security, Tradition and Conformity) are related with such personal traits as Extraversion and Conscientiousness. Values of Openness to change (Self-direction, Stimulation and Hedonism) linked with Openness to experience and a low Neuroticism. Important predictors for Self-Enhancement values (Power, Achievement) were low Agreeableness, high Openness to experience and high Extraversion. Values of Self-Transcendence (Universalism, Benevolence) are connected with a low Neuroticism, high Agreeableness and high Conscientiousness. It was shown that the age of participants was significant predictor for most values, except Self-direction and Benevolence.

Keywords: values, personality traits, Big Five, age differences, sex differences

 

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Received 27 November 2018. Date of publication: 26 February 2019.

About author

Alekseeva Olga S. Research Associate, FGBNU "Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education", ul. Mokhovaya, 9–4, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Rzhanova Irina E. Research Associate, FGBNU "Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education", ul. Mokhovaya, 9–4, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Alekseeva O.S., Rzhanova I.E. Relationships between values and personality traits. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2018, Vol. 12, No. 63, p. 10. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2019v12n63e/1688-alekseeva63e.html

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