Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal


2019 Vol. 12 Issue 65–66

Gasparyan D. Transindividual consciousness in works of M.Mamardashvili and K.Marx

Full text in Russian: Гаспарян Д.Э. Трансиндивидуальное сознание в работах М.Мамардашвили и К.Маркса

National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia

About author
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This article is a thought on one of the most discussed works of early, so-called “Marxist”, period of Merab’s Mamardashvili - “Analysis of consciousness in the works of Marx” (1968). The aim of this article is to trace how the interpretations offered by Mamardashvili developed into his philosophical thought. Special attention is paid to the aspects of Western reception of Marxism. The French origins of Mamardashvili's interpretation of Marx inherent to the left intellectual tradition are shown. This article also explores two main themes of Mamardashvili's late and mature philosophy – the idea of transpersonality of consciousness and its transcendental nature. The former seems to correspond well with the logic of Marxism, which is not the case for the latter. However, Mamardashvili managed to connect his transcendental standpoint with the Marxist-Hegelian version of positivism through the Western psychoanalytical reception of Marxism. To the extent that consciousness contains lacunae of opacity and is formed by what is not given as an independent act of awareness (by social or economic practices), consciousness turns out to be project-oriented, but not substantively closed. Projective functioning of consciousness is determined by the possibilities, which cannot be directly captured but can be found as traces and or results.

Keywords: Mamardashvili, Marx, Freud, Lakan, consciousness, subject, Marxism, Freudism, “Analysis of consciousness in the works of Marx”, Mamardashvili's philosophy in the 60s

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The study was supported by the Russian Scientific Foundation, project № 19–18–00100.

Cyrillic letters are transliterated according to BSI standards. The titles are given in author’s translation.

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Received 01 December 2019. Date of publication: 28 December 2019.

About author

Diana Gasparyan. Сandidate of philosophy, Associate Professor and Senior Research Fellow in Faculty of Humanities, School of Philosophy, Laboratory of Transcendental Philosophy in National Research University Higher School of Economics, ul. Staraya Basmannaya, d. 21/4, 105006 Moscow, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Gasparyan D. Transindividual consciousness in the works of M. Mamardashvili and K. Marx. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2019, Vol. 12, No. 65-66, p. 3. (in Russian, abstr. in English).

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