Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

2020 Vol. 13 Issue 69

Korneev A.A., Lomakin D.I., Kurgansky A.V. Age-related features of memorizing a sequence of movements specified by a visual template

Full text in Russian: Корнеев А.А., Ломакин Д.И., Курганский А.В. Возрастные особенности запоминания последовательности движений, заданной зрительным образцом

Institute of developmental physiology, Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

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Here we report results of the study of memorization and retention of serial visuospatial stimuli at different ages: in children, adolescents and adults. The subjects were asked to reproduce broken lines – sequences of vertical and horizontal line segments. These lines were presented (1) as a static image and (2) as a dynamic object – a cursor moving along a broken line whose trajectory needed be remembered and reproduced. The complexity of the trajectories was set by their length and varied from 4 to 6 elements. The reproduction of the memorized pattern was induced by an audio signal.
We analyzed the total number of errors, as well as the temporal characteristics: reaction time (RT) and average time of the reproduction of a single element in the sequence (MT). Our results showed that the error rate decreased with age, which was typical mostly for the dynamic mode. Teenagers performed the task much more accurately compared to children, yet not as accurate as adults. RT increased markedly by adolescence and remained relatively high in adults. Adolescents and children showed comparable average MT that was higher than adults’.
The increase in accuracy of reproduction with age may reflect an improvement in the accuracy of sequence representation in working memory. The increase in latent time while preparing the motor response may be associated with a more detailed planning of the upcoming serial action. According to our data adolescents take intermediate position between children and adults: their representations of sequences are already of high quality and completeness whereas planning of upcoming serial action is comprehensive. However, they show insufficient motor control, which results in greater role of on-line programming in performing series of movements. The investigation of the role of the mode (static/dynamic) showed that the error rates in the two modes converge with age, whereas the temporal characteristics, on the contrary, become different.

Keywords: working memory, representation, serial order, early schoolchildren, adolescents

Full text in Russian

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Received 14 March 2020. Date of publication: 07 April 2020.

About author

Korneev Aleksei A. PhD in Psychology, Senior Research Associate, Laboratory of Neuropsychology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11-9, 125009 Moscow, Russia; Senior Research Associate, Laboratory of Neurophysiology of Cognitive Processes, Institute of Developmental Physiology, Russian Academy of Education, ul. Pogodinskaya, 8-2, 119121 Moscow, Russia.
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Lomakin Dmitrii I. Research Associate, Laboratory of Neurophysiology of Cognitive Processes, Institute of Developmental Physiology, Russian Academy of Education, ul. Pogodinskaya, 8-2, 119121 Moscow, Russia.
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Kurgansky Andrei V. PhD in Biology, Leading Research Associate, Laboratory of Neurophysiology of Cognitive Processes, Institute of Developmental Physiology, Russian Academy of Education, ul. Pogodinskaya, 8-2, 119121 Moscow, Russia. Cognitive Research Lab, Psychology Department, Institute for Social Sciences, Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, prospekt Vernadskogo, 82-84, 119571 Moscow, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Korneev A.A., Lomakin D.I., Kurgansky A.V. Age-related features of memorizing a sequence of movements specified by a visual template. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2020, Vol. 13, No. 69, p. 3. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2020v13n69e/1733-korneev69e.html

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