Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

2020 Vol. 13 Issue 74

Belova S.S., Ovsyannikova V.V., Sysoeva T.A., Bogdanova R.S., Kopylov Ph.Yu. Illness beliefs and treatment adherence in atrial fibrillations patients

Full text in Russian: Белова С.С., Овсянникова В.В., Сысоева Т.А., Богданова Р.С., Копылов Ф.Ю. Субъективные представления о заболевании и приверженность лечению при фибрилляции предсердий

Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia
Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Moscow, Russia

About author
Suggested citation

The present study examined illness beliefs of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients and their anticoagulation treatment adherence. Four dimensions of illness beliefs were proposed and operationalized by means of a questionnaire developed for this study. In particular, these dimensions are illness awareness, uncertainty of illness manifestations, unpredictable character of illness course and illness control. It was found that the anticoagulation treatment adherence was positively associated with the illness awareness and negatively associated with the uncertainty of illness manifestations. Three clusters of patients were distinguished based on the illness beliefs patterns: “well-informed about illness” (33,8%), “denying illness” (19,9%), “uncertain about illness” (42,6%). The well-informed cluster of patients demonstrated higher treatment adherence compared to the other clusters, which did not differ one from the other in this respect. The proposed approach to illness beliefs and their patterns is considered with respect to development of medical and psychological care for patients with AF.

Key words: atrial fibrillation, treatment adherence, illness beliefs, therapy beliefs, cognitive representations of disease, anticoagulant therapy

Full text in Russian >>

 

Funding

The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project № 18-00-01661 (K) (18-00-01326).

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Cyrillic letters are transliterated according to BSI standards. The titles are given in author’s translation.
 

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Received 11 November 2020. Date of publication: 31 December 2020.

About author

Belova Sofya S. Phd in Psychology, Research Associate, Laboratory of Psychology and Psychophysiology of Creative Activity, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Yaroslavskaya, 13/1, 129366 Moscow, Russia.
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Ovsyannikova Victoria V. PhD in Psychology, Senior Research Associate, Laboratory for Cognitive Research, National Research University "Higher School of Economics", ul. Myasnitskaya, 20, 101000 Moscow, Russia.
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Sysoeva Tatiana A. PhD in Psychology, Research Associate, Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education, ul. Mokhovaya, 9/4, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Bogdanova Radmila S. PhD Student, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (Sechenov University), ul. Bolshaya Pirogovskaya, 2/4, 119435 Moscow, Russia.
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Kopylov Philipp Yu. Doctor of Medicine, Professor, Director of the Institute of Personalized Cardiology, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (Sechenov University), ul. Bolshaya Pirogovskaya, 2/4, 119435 Moscow, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Belova S.S., Ovsyannikova V.V., Sysoeva T.A., Bogdanova R.S., Kopylov Ph.Yu. Illness beliefs and treatment adherence in atrial fibrillations patients. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2020, Vol. 13, No. 74, p. 7. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2020v13n74e/1825-belova74e.html

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