Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
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Romanov S.G., Goncharov O.A. Age-related features of categorical perception of focal and non-focal colors in the central and peripheral visual fields

Full text in Russian: Романов С.Г., Гончаров О.А. Возрастные особенности категориального восприятия фокальных и пограничных цветов в центральных и периферических полях зрения

Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

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The article examines the categorical color perception in different regions of the visual field for focal and non-focal colors. Central visual fields are known to be primarily involved in identification and categorization of objects, whereas peripheral visual fields are responsible for detection and spatial localization of visual information. This study focused on age-related patterns of categorical color perception. Visual search paradigm was applied in order to compare categorical effects among three age groups: primary and senior school, adults. Specifically, the subjects were presented with stimuli at various distances from the central line of sight (5, 15 and 25 °) in the yellow-green color range. Results of the study confirmed the categorical effect – between-category discrimination of color stimuli is carried out faster and more accurate compared to than within-category. However, this effect manifests differentially. In primary schoolers these effects were more global and less differentiated: they were present both in central and peripheral vision, for both focal and non-focal colors. Senior schoolers and adults demonstrated similar patterns of categorical color perception, specifically within central visual field with non-focal colors. Color categories are concluded to have a complex hierarchical structure, which takes a long time to develop. Also, categorical color perception relies on the processes of object identification, which in turn completely develop by the senior school age.

Keywords: between-category and within-category color discrimination, visual search, central and peripheral vision, age-related development of color perception

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Acknowledgements / Acknowledgement

The authors express their deep gratitude to Elena Valentinovna Kaneva, volleyball coach of the Komi Republic State Budgetary Institution "Sports School No. 1" in Syktyvkar for her help in organizing and conducting this experiment. Also, the authors of the article express their gratitude to the employees of the administrative staff of Interregional distribution grid company of the North-West in the Komi Republic for their active participation in the study.

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Received 21 September 2020. Date of publication: 31 December 2020.

About author

Romanov S.G. PhD Student, Department of General Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Institute of Social Sciences of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, pr. Vernadskogo, 82 - 1, 119571 Moscow, Russia.
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Goncharov O.A. Doctor of Psychology, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of General Psychology of the Faculty of Psychology of the Institute of Social Sciences of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, pr. Vernadskogo, 82 - 1, 119571 Moscow, Russia.
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Romanov S.G., Goncharov O.A. Age features of categorical perception of focal and non-focal colors in the central and peripheral fields of vision. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2020, Vol. 13, No. 74, p. 4. (in Russian, abstr. in English).

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