Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

2021 Vol. 14 Issue 77

Vladimirov I.Yu., Bushmanova A.S., Makarov I.N. Behavioral markers of key events of an insight solution

Full text in Russian: Владимиров И.Ю., Бушманова А.С., Макаров И.Н. Поведенческие маркеры ключевых событий инсайтного решения

Institute of Psychology of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
Yaroslavl State University, Yaroslavl, Russia

About author
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The process of insight problem solving is heterogeneous and is associated with hidden dynamics, which must be taken into account for the results to be correctly evaluated. Classical approaches to insight that are focuses only on performance indicators or verbal reports are not optimal for studying the procedural component. Indirect investigation through related processes (working memory load, physiological processes, behavioral patterns) appears to be the most promising. Analysis of the solvers’ behavior enables the examination of the insight without interfering with the problem-solving process. This paper proposes requirements for a theoretical model, which allows for reliable comparison of behavioral markers and events of an insight solution. A model that meets these requirements is proposed and tested. The current study was aimed to find behavioral markers of the key stages of insight problem solving (impasse and Aha! experience), emotions and metacognitive feelings (obtained with a post-experimental questionnaire), accompanying these stages. The video recordings of the solution of the "Parking" problem by twenty participants was analyzed. Participants were given a series of tasks. The first six tasks created mental set and the seventh one differed significantly in the way it was solved. This change was believed to provoke overcoming the mental set and lead to insight in solving the key task. Participants solved problems individually online (via Skype). The following behavioral patterns of insightful solution were identified: unblinking gaze, raising eyebrows, smiling, touching the face with hands, biting lips. Analysis of the relationship between the behavioral indicators, the underlying mental processes and metacognitive feelings allowed us to make the following assumptions. The solver's unblinking gaze directed to one point may indicate active operation with representation during an impasse or a representational change. Raising eyebrows and smile may indicate a positive emotion of surprise that accompanies a representational change. Touching face with hands, scratching head, and biting lips accompany an impasse event and can be associated with negative emotional experiences. In the conclusion, possible ways of further application of the proposed method of registration of behavioral patterns of insight are discussed.

Keywords: insight, behavioral markers of insight, representational change, impasse, «Aha! experience», emotions, metacognitions, key events of insight solution

Full text in Russian >>

Funding
The reported study was funded by RFBR, project number 20-013-00801. 

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Received 14 December 2020. Date of publication: 30 June 2021.

About author

Vladimirov Ilya Yu. PhD, Leading Research Associate, Institute of Psychology of Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Yaroslavskaya, 13 - 1, 129337 Moscow, Russia. Associate Professor of department of psychology, psychology faculty, Yaroslavl State University, Sovetskaya st. 14, 150003 Yaroslavl, Russia.
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Bushmanova Anna S. Student, psychology faculty, Yaroslavl State University, ul. Sovetskaya, 14, 150003 Yaroslavl, Russia.
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Makarov Igor N. Research Assistant, Yaroslavl State University, ul. Sovetskaya, 14, 150003 Yaroslavl, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Vladimirov I.Yu., Bushmanova A.S., Makarov I.N. Behavioral markers of key events of an insight solution. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2021, Vol. 14, No. 77, p. 5. http://psystudy.ru

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2021v14n77e/1903-vladimirov77e.html

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