Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

Ivashkina M.G., Chernov D.N., Radchikova N.P., Akopyan A.N., Delevi V.S., Polyanskaya E.N., Erokhina V.A. The Role of Temperament and Personality in Medical Students Coping Strategies Preference

Full text in Russian: Ивашкина М.Г., Чернов Д.Н., Радчикова Н.П., Акопян А.Н., Делеви В.С., Полянская Е.Н., Ерохина В.А. Роль темперамента и личности в предпочтении стратегий совладающего поведения у студентов-медиков

Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia
Moscow Pedagogical State University, Moscow, Russia
Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia

About author
Suggested citation

In this study we examined the role of temperament and personality traits in the preferred coping strategies among medical students. Personality traits were identified by means of The Big Five Personality Test, the aspects of temperament – by the Pavlovian Temperament Survey; to determine coping strategies two methods were employed: The Coping Strategies Indicator by J. Amirkhan and the Ways of Coping Questionnaire by R. Lazarus. The study involved 632 first- and second-year students of Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University.
Based on the results four integral personality types were identified. Temperamental characteristics were shown to contribute more to these types compared to personality traits. For all the personality types the most common coping strategies were the following: accepting responsibility, planful problem-solving, positive reappraisal, self-control and seeking social support. Two different hierarchical structures of coping strategies were identified: the “Socially adaptive sanguine” was characterized with the planful problem-solving as the first-choice coping strategy whereas for the “Socially distanced opportunist” we identified multivariate structure of coping strategies – a few adaptive copings were the most frequently chosen and an escape-avoidance strategy was in the middle of the list. “Socially adaptive sanguine” type was associated with a “sanguine” type of temperament, extroversion, social orientation, self-control, and a disposition to rethink problems creatively. “Socially distanced opportunist” in turn was characterized with a balanced, but moderately strong, inert nervous system; introversion, the tendency for social separation, emotional restraint, practical orientation of behavior, experiencing difficulties in managing their own behavior.

Keywords: personality, temperament, coping behavior, coping strategies, medical students 

Full text in Russian >>

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Received 29 December 2020. Date of publication: 23 October 2021.

About author

Ivashkina M.Ga. Ph.D. in Psychology, associate professor of the Department of General Psychology and Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Clinical Psychology and Social Work, Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, ul. Ostrovityanova, 1, 117997 Moscow, Russia.
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Chernov D.N. Ph.D. in Psychology, associate professor of the Department of General Psychology and Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Clinical Psychology and Social Work, Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, ul. Ostrovityanova, 1, 117997 Moscow, Russia.
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Radchikova N.P. Ph.D. in Psychology, leading scientific researcher, Scientific and Practical Center for Comprehensive Support of Psychological Research “PsyDATA”, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, ul. Sretenka, 29, 127051 Moscow, Russia. Associate professor of the Department of Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Pre-School Pedagogy and Psychology, Moscow Pedagogical State University (MPGU), ul. Malaya Pirogovskaya, 1/1, 119991 Moscow, Russia.
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Akopyan A.N. Ph.D. in Psychology, associate professor of the Department of Pedagogy and Pedagogic Psychology, Faculty of Clinical Psychology and Social Work, Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, ul. Ostrovityanova, 1, 117997 Moscow, Russia.
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Delevi V.S. Ph.D. in Psychology, associate professor the Department of General Psychology and Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Clinical Psychology and Social Work, Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, ul. Ostrovityanova, 1, 117997 Moscow, Russia.
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Polyanskaya E.N. Ph.D. in Psychology, associate professor of the Department of Pedagogy and Pedagogic Psychology, Faculty of Clinical Psychology and Social Work, Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, ul. Ostrovityanova, 1, 117997 Moscow, Russia.
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Erokhina V.A. Ph.D. in Psychology, associate professor the Department of General Psychology and Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Clinical Psychology and Social Work, Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, ul. Ostrovityanova, 1, 117997 Moscow, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Ivashkina M.G., Chernov D.N., Radchikova N.P., Akopyan A.N., Delevi V.S., Polyanskaya E.N., Erokhina V.A. The Role of Temperament and Personality in Medical Students’ Coping Strategies Preference. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2021, Vol. 14, No. 79, p. 1. http://psystudy.ru

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2021v14n79e/1937-ivashkina79e.html

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